Beautiful, healthy teeth make you feel confident and attractive. If teeth are lost due to an accident, malposition or poor oral hygiene, this always has an impact on the quality of life. Additionally, missing teeth can cause pain and lead to permanent bone loss.
Dental prosthetics are a way to restore your mouth’s natural appearance and the full functionality of your teeth. A distinction is made between fixed and removable dentures. Fixed dentures include crowns, bridges, veneers and implants, whereas removable dentures are comprised of full and partial dentures.
When an artificial crown is used, it replaces the natural layer of the tooth. A crown is also referred to as a cap, which covers and protects the visible part of a tooth. Thus, a severely damaged tooth is restored to its former shape and size. The anatomical shape is kept as close as possible to the natural tooth.
Bridges are used to close gaps from missing teeth. First, two support teeth, or abutment teeth, on either side of the gap are shaved down and crowned. The bridge is then attached to them, thereby connecting the abutment teeth and bridging the gap. Veneers are thin, translucent shells made of plastic or ceramic.
Bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth, thereby closing the gap.
Full (complete) dentures
An implant-supported full denture replaces all the missing teeth of a jawbone and is recommended when the bone substance has already decreased.
Crowns are used when teeth have been severely damaged by cavities and there is no possibility to securely anchor fillings in the tooth.
With removable dentures, a distinction is made between full and partial dentures.
If there is still a sufficient number of your own teeth remaining, partial dentures can be used. They are anchored to the healthy teeth.
In the case of a toothless jaw, however, the patient is usually in need of a full denture. The challenge here is that no natural teeth can be used for the attachment. The prosthetic is held in place solely by the suctioning effect of the oral mucosa. An exact fit of the denture base is essential to keep it securely in place.
Hybrid denture (Telescopic Restoration Technique)
If there are still enough teeth remaining to anchor the crown in the mouth, the telescopic prosthesis is a comfortable solution to replace several lost teeth.
The attachment-retained prosthesis is suitable for contiguous tooth gaps with stable abutment teeth. It is a particularly secure and stable way to hold a denture in place without any visible fasteners.